Athens was the spiritual and artistic center of Greece, the diamond of the ancient world. It was the city where the most precious values of humanity were born. Philosophy, science, literature, art, and theater are some of the ideas developed in ancient Athens.
Principles, considered the basis of Western Culture and the core of today’s society, such as democracy, freedom, justice and progressive thought, first appeared and flourished in this majestic city.
A large share of Ancient Greek History is due to Athens. In the 5th century BC Athens fought the Persians twice. The Athenians, who had become a great military force, defeated both times – the battle of Marathon and the naval battle of Salamis. The Persian War became the cause of uniting the Greek states against the common enemy, and this fact is one of the most important moments of Ancient Greek History.
In the 5th century BC, also known as the Golden Age, the great political man Pericles was head of the city.
Athens was the first Republic and the toughest of all the Greek states, giving life to ideas and principles that no one had previously thought.
At that time Athens was the spiritual and artistic center of Greece, the diamond of the ancient world. It was the city where the most precious ethical values of humanity were born: philosophy, science, literature, art, and drama. Principles that formed the basis of Western Culture and the core of today’s society such as democracy, freedom, justice and progressive thought first appeared and flourished in this city in the 5th century BC.
During the domination of Alexander the Great, Athens remained an important spiritual center.
The Roman Empire was divided into two parts – western and eastern – and Athens became a part of the Eastern Byzantine Empire, whose sovereignty lasted for over 1000 years. During the Byzantine era, most ancient temples were converted into churches, and so today’s Athens is full of examples of magnificent Byzantine ecclesiastical art.
In 1834 King Otto I named Athens the capital of Greece.
in 1981 Greece’s accession to the European Union was completed and Athens has since evolved into a modern and multifaceted European capital.