Built in the place of the homonymous ancient city, in a fertile and well-irrigated plain, Thebes is a rural, commercial and industrial center of the area. According to the mythical tradition, Cadmus, son of Aignoros, king of Phenicia, built the walls of Cademia, the famous Acropolis of the city, with the help of Amphionus and Zethus, sons of Zeus and Antiope. From the founder of Kadmeia, the genus of Lavadakis (Laios, Oedipus, etc.) was born, inspired, with its tragic fate, by many dramatic poets. Thebes was inhabited during the Neolithic Age, a powerful settlement during the Early Helladic and Middle Helladic Era, reaching the highest point of development during the Mycenaean Period (1600-1100 BC). During the Geometric and Archaic years he became the leader of the Boeotian cities and was a powerful opponent of Athens. He played a leading role in the Greek space during the Classical Period (371-362 BC), led by Epameinondas and Pelopidas. After the battle of Chaeroneia (338 BC) and its total destruction by the Macedonians (335 BC) Thebes could not regain its oldest power. The decline of the Roman era and the barbarian raids followed the period of economic blossoming (8th-12th centuries), thanks to the production and processing of silk, the dyeing of fabrics and the manufacture of carpets. This was followed by the Frankish rule (12th-15th c.) And the Ottoman domination (15th-19th c.), A period during which the Greek population fell sharply. The city was liberated by the Battle of Petra in September 1829.
The Ancient City
THE ANCIENT CITY. Its most important monuments are the Mycenaean chamber tombs, the Mycenaean palace or the Cadiedon (14th-13th century BC), in the center of the Acropolis of Cademia, the temple of the Apollo Island and the gates of Cademia (from the seven mythological gates of the Thebes only survives the entrance between the two circular towers of the Electric Gate, dated to the time of the recovery of the city by Kassandros in 315 BC.) Excavations on a plot of the Acropolis of Cademia (outside the walls an ancient city, a short drive away one of the gates Electric) revealed architectural remains and movable finds a religious character, dating from the EH as the Late Byzantine period. According to one version, here was a mosque devoted to Hercules, which was probably used from the late 8th century. B.C. until 480 BC. About 8 km west of Thebes lies Kavourion, the famous sanctuary of Kavers, dedicated to Kaviro and Peda, deities of unknown origin. The worship of the sanctuary lasted at least from the Archaic period until the 4th century. A.D. The most important monuments of Kavarios are the temple – the surviving foundations belong to a phase of the end of the 4th c. B.C. -, the theater, Hellenistic Times, the gallery, the middle of the 1st century. BC, circular and ellipsoidal buildings, cesspools for bloody sacrifices and ritual cleansing, as well as a built-in bench for the muscles, and the enclosure.
The Source of Saint Theodoros
THE SOURCE OF SAINT THEODOR, known from antiquity as “Oedipedia Fren”. Oedipus was flushed in it after the murder of his father, Laiou.